Almost 500 years after the construction, on November 1 of the year 609, the Pantheon was turned into a Christian Church. It is logical that a former temple of all gods was called the Church of all Holy martyrs. Since day 1 of November is celebrated as all saints Day and the Catholics and the Protestants.
Any person, for the first time going to the Pantheon, could not restrain an exclamation of rapture. People humanitarian warehouse in the first place will be thrilled by the splendor of the interior decoration, the creation of which was attended by the famous Raphael. Maybe that’s why he was buried here.
Those who have studied strength of materials or structural mechanics, immediately raise your head up to admire the brilliant dome. The dome of the Pantheon is not just beautiful. This dome is not only highly functional. This dome is famous by the fact that he is generally the first dome building in the world. During the construction of the Pantheon for covering large round room with a diameter of 45 meters Roman architects first used the domed ceiling. Continue reading
What are the achievements in architecture and engineering building is famous for the ancient Romans?
Looked like an early Christian Basilica and cross-domed Church?
What buildings were decorated with medieval city-commune?
Smiling angel is the embodiment of Paradise. The statue of the portal of Reims Cathedral. XIII, V. 1.
Architecture. The builders of the early middle Ages picked up much from the strict architecture of the ancient Romans, and therefore structures up to the XI—XIII centuries, is called romance (from “Roma” — Rome). The Romanesque Church is the massive building with almost smooth walls, high towers, simple décor. Everywhere repeat the outlines of the semicircular arches on arches, window openings, entrances to the temple. At the same time, its power Roman temples resemble castles. Indeed, they often served as a refuge for the population of the neighborhood. Continue reading
The most ancient monuments of the construction of the italic peoples in their purpose and design belong to the so-called cyclopean or pelagicheskie buildings, traces of which remain in Greece and Asia Minor. They consist of the remnants of colossal structures for the drainage of the soil or the protection of property from enemy attack, as well as buildings from later times dedicated to the cult (e.g. Sardinian Nuraghe -oleoresin facilities from 30 to 50 feet high, with chambers and passages inside) and designed for the burial of the dead.
To enormous facilities for the drainage of the soil belongs to an outlet channel in the Alban mountains, despite its antiquity, until recently, served its purpose. However, it is not a building in the literal sense, as it is carved in the solid lava at nearly 6,000 feet, with 6 feet of depth, but this does not detract from the value of labor its builders. Just like an artificial cliff, made in the rock on the way to Palazzolo, Continue reading