Fantastic, irrational, light, expressive and upward forms of the Gothic style to overcome the cumbersome nature of the stone and affect the brightness of colors. Most often, the term “Gothic” applies to creations of medieval architects, but to some extent almost every area of art has undergone its influence.
The history of the Gothic style
At the end of the XII century replaced the Romanesque style came Gothic . prevailed on the territory of almost whole Europe until the end of XV – beginning of XVI century. Born in the middle of the XII century in France, already in the early thirteenth century it included Spain, the Czech Republic, England, Austria and Germany. Later a new stylistic direction and spread on the Italian territory, but has undergone some significant changes, creating the “Italian Gothic”. Eastern Europe has “succumbed” to the Gothic influence later and lasted it longer than in the West. Continue reading
What are the achievements in architecture and engineering building is famous for the ancient Romans?
Looked like an early Christian Basilica and cross-domed Church?
What buildings were decorated with medieval city-commune?
Smiling angel is the embodiment of Paradise. The statue of the portal of Reims Cathedral. XIII, V. 1.
Architecture. The builders of the early middle Ages picked up much from the strict architecture of the ancient Romans, and therefore structures up to the XI—XIII centuries, is called romance (from “Roma” — Rome). The Romanesque Church is the massive building with almost smooth walls, high towers, simple décor. Everywhere repeat the outlines of the semicircular arches on arches, window openings, entrances to the temple. At the same time, its power Roman temples resemble castles. Indeed, they often served as a refuge for the population of the neighborhood. Continue reading
Iconic religious buildings or temples, were changing under the influence of time, tastes, goals, architectural trends, but they, of course, are based on the core principles espoused a particular faith. The main purpose of construction of this kind is creating an environment benevolent to spiritual meditations.
Eastern temple architecture
Temple architecture of Ancient Egypt tried to recreate a certain abode of the gods, giving the buildings a similar appearance to the venue of sacrifices and performing mystical rituals. Classical Greek and Roman architecture sought to create magnificent sanctuaries of worship to the gods of Olympus.
India temples did not know the nature worship and the spirit did not require walls. However, religious buildings arose. The tradition of Indian chemostate were largely dictated by the influence of colonization and saturated with elements, introduced from outside, in conjunction with local beliefs and traditions. Indian temples have two distinct areas – carbon and draviḍa, different types of input installations and dome. Continue reading