Almost 500 years after the construction, on November 1 of the year 609, the Pantheon was turned into a Christian Church. It is logical that a former temple of all gods was called the Church of all Holy martyrs. Since day 1 of November is celebrated as all saints Day and the Catholics and the Protestants.
Any person, for the first time going to the Pantheon, could not restrain an exclamation of rapture. People humanitarian warehouse in the first place will be thrilled by the splendor of the interior decoration, the creation of which was attended by the famous Raphael. Maybe that’s why he was buried here.
Those who have studied strength of materials or structural mechanics, immediately raise your head up to admire the brilliant dome. The dome of the Pantheon is not just beautiful. This dome is not only highly functional. This dome is famous by the fact that he is generally the first dome building in the world. During the construction of the Pantheon for covering large round room with a diameter of 45 meters Roman architects first used the domed ceiling. Continue reading
These ruins about three hundred kilometers from Limpopo have opened over a hundred years ago a traveler and a hunter of elephants Adam Render, who presented us with the first mystery and the awesome fortress, and the first myth about her, borrowed them from the wild tribes. Since then, scientists investigated the ruins and robbing the prospectors, adventurers, who considered these places a Golden Paradise of Africa. It should be noted that this opinion had some Foundation, as the entire area surrounding the buildings, dug by the ancient miners, was mined here iron or copper and perhaps precious metals. The tribes of matabele called ruins in the jungle “Zimbabwe”, under this name they entered the long list of stone puzzles that the XX century has left new researchers.
Scientists have found the so-called Acropolis, which occupies the top of the hill, and the remains of some buildings. The citadel consisted of a massive tower with a height of 15 meters, and walls reaching ten meters of altitude and significant encircling the space. In the hands of Amateur archaeologists sometimes got iron and copper items, and sometimes gold crafts. These castings finds dated to the XIV century, Continue reading
What are the achievements in architecture and engineering building is famous for the ancient Romans?
Looked like an early Christian Basilica and cross-domed Church?
What buildings were decorated with medieval city-commune?
Smiling angel is the embodiment of Paradise. The statue of the portal of Reims Cathedral. XIII, V. 1.
Architecture. The builders of the early middle Ages picked up much from the strict architecture of the ancient Romans, and therefore structures up to the XI—XIII centuries, is called romance (from “Roma” — Rome). The Romanesque Church is the massive building with almost smooth walls, high towers, simple décor. Everywhere repeat the outlines of the semicircular arches on arches, window openings, entrances to the temple. At the same time, its power Roman temples resemble castles. Indeed, they often served as a refuge for the population of the neighborhood. Continue reading