Fantastic, irrational, light, expressive and upward forms of the Gothic style to overcome the cumbersome nature of the stone and affect the brightness of colors. Most often, the term “Gothic” applies to creations of medieval architects, but to some extent almost every area of art has undergone its influence.
The history of the Gothic style
At the end of the XII century replaced the Romanesque style came Gothic . prevailed on the territory of almost whole Europe until the end of XV – beginning of XVI century. Born in the middle of the XII century in France, already in the early thirteenth century it included Spain, the Czech Republic, England, Austria and Germany. Later a new stylistic direction and spread on the Italian territory, but has undergone some significant changes, creating the “Italian Gothic”. Eastern Europe has “succumbed” to the Gothic influence later and lasted it longer than in the West. Continue reading
The giant maze was built by the Egyptian king Amenemhat III (Psammetichus) around 2000 BC near the pyramids in the Fayoum, on the South coast Merida lake (lake Moeris) . located to the West of the Nile river, 80 kilometers South of the modern city of Cairo. Here is what writes about it in “Historical library” the Greek historian Diodorus of Sicily that between 60 and 57 BC visited Egypt:
“This Maze is remarkable not only for its dimensions, but with cunning and mastery of the internal structure, to reproduce which is impossible.”
Manetho, high priest of Egypt from Heliopolis, in his notes, preserved in the excerpts, “Aegyptiaca” that the Creator of the labyrinth, was the fourth Pharaoh of the twelfth dynasty, Amenemhat III . which he calls Lamparas or Laboris . and about which he writes: “… (He) rules eight years. Arsenism in nome he built himself a tomb — a labyrinth with many rooms ” . Perhaps that is why it is considered that the Continue reading
These ruins about three hundred kilometers from Limpopo have opened over a hundred years ago a traveler and a hunter of elephants Adam Render, who presented us with the first mystery and the awesome fortress, and the first myth about her, borrowed them from the wild tribes. Since then, scientists investigated the ruins and robbing the prospectors, adventurers, who considered these places a Golden Paradise of Africa. It should be noted that this opinion had some Foundation, as the entire area surrounding the buildings, dug by the ancient miners, was mined here iron or copper and perhaps precious metals. The tribes of matabele called ruins in the jungle “Zimbabwe”, under this name they entered the long list of stone puzzles that the XX century has left new researchers.
Scientists have found the so-called Acropolis, which occupies the top of the hill, and the remains of some buildings. The citadel consisted of a massive tower with a height of 15 meters, and walls reaching ten meters of altitude and significant encircling the space. In the hands of Amateur archaeologists sometimes got iron and copper items, and sometimes gold crafts. These castings finds dated to the XIV century, Continue reading