Almost 500 years after the construction, on November 1 of the year 609, the Pantheon was turned into a Christian Church. It is logical that a former temple of all gods was called the Church of all Holy martyrs. Since day 1 of November is celebrated as all saints Day and the Catholics and the Protestants.
Any person, for the first time going to the Pantheon, could not restrain an exclamation of rapture. People humanitarian warehouse in the first place will be thrilled by the splendor of the interior decoration, the creation of which was attended by the famous Raphael. Maybe that’s why he was buried here.
Those who have studied strength of materials or structural mechanics, immediately raise your head up to admire the brilliant dome. The dome of the Pantheon is not just beautiful. This dome is not only highly functional. This dome is famous by the fact that he is generally the first dome building in the world. During the construction of the Pantheon for covering large round room with a diameter of 45 meters Roman architects first used the domed ceiling. Continue reading
What are the achievements in architecture and engineering building is famous for the ancient Romans?
Looked like an early Christian Basilica and cross-domed Church?
What buildings were decorated with medieval city-commune?
Smiling angel is the embodiment of Paradise. The statue of the portal of Reims Cathedral. XIII, V. 1.
Architecture. The builders of the early middle Ages picked up much from the strict architecture of the ancient Romans, and therefore structures up to the XI—XIII centuries, is called romance (from “Roma” — Rome). The Romanesque Church is the massive building with almost smooth walls, high towers, simple décor. Everywhere repeat the outlines of the semicircular arches on arches, window openings, entrances to the temple. At the same time, its power Roman temples resemble castles. Indeed, they often served as a refuge for the population of the neighborhood. Continue reading
Iconic religious buildings or temples, were changing under the influence of time, tastes, goals, architectural trends, but they, of course, are based on the core principles espoused a particular faith. The main purpose of construction of this kind is creating an environment benevolent to spiritual meditations.
Eastern temple architecture
Temple architecture of Ancient Egypt tried to recreate a certain abode of the gods, giving the buildings a similar appearance to the venue of sacrifices and performing mystical rituals. Classical Greek and Roman architecture sought to create magnificent sanctuaries of worship to the gods of Olympus.
India temples did not know the nature worship and the spirit did not require walls. However, religious buildings arose. The tradition of Indian chemostate were largely dictated by the influence of colonization and saturated with elements, introduced from outside, in conjunction with local beliefs and traditions. Indian temples have two distinct areas – carbon and draviḍa, different types of input installations and dome. Continue reading