These ruins about three hundred kilometers from Limpopo have opened over a hundred years ago a traveler and a hunter of elephants Adam Render, who presented us with the first mystery and the awesome fortress, and the first myth about her, borrowed them from the wild tribes. Since then, scientists investigated the ruins and robbing the prospectors, adventurers, who considered these places a Golden Paradise of Africa. It should be noted that this opinion had some Foundation, as the entire area surrounding the buildings, dug by the ancient miners, was mined here iron or copper and perhaps precious metals. The tribes of matabele called ruins in the jungle “Zimbabwe”, under this name they entered the long list of stone puzzles that the XX century has left new researchers.
Scientists have found the so-called Acropolis, which occupies the top of the hill, and the remains of some buildings. The citadel consisted of a massive tower with a height of 15 meters, and walls reaching ten meters of altitude and significant encircling the space. In the hands of Amateur archaeologists sometimes got iron and copper items, and sometimes gold crafts. These castings finds dated to the XIV century, Continue reading
What are the achievements in architecture and engineering building is famous for the ancient Romans?
Looked like an early Christian Basilica and cross-domed Church?
What buildings were decorated with medieval city-commune?
Smiling angel is the embodiment of Paradise. The statue of the portal of Reims Cathedral. XIII, V. 1.
Architecture. The builders of the early middle Ages picked up much from the strict architecture of the ancient Romans, and therefore structures up to the XI—XIII centuries, is called romance (from “Roma” — Rome). The Romanesque Church is the massive building with almost smooth walls, high towers, simple décor. Everywhere repeat the outlines of the semicircular arches on arches, window openings, entrances to the temple. At the same time, its power Roman temples resemble castles. Indeed, they often served as a refuge for the population of the neighborhood. Continue reading
Defender of the Church and a tireless warrior, Charlemagne during the lifetime became a legend. The son of king Pepin the Short and Queen Bertha Bigfoot, he was proclaimed Emperor and received the crown from the hands of the Pope in Rome on Christmas day in 800.
He managed to unite the whole of Gaul, that collapsed during the reign of the Merovingians for a separate state and joined to it the territory of Italy and Germany. He divided his Empire into counties and administered through the governors – the Royal counts, which collected taxes and dispensed justice.
In the middle ages, Charlemagne became one of the most significant and heroic rulers, made themselves famous by creating the first Christian state in Western Europe, numerous military campaigns, the extension of lands. Over 45 military campaigns, and most of them ended in victory. Defeated Carl was converted to Christianity.
After an unsuccessful attempt to take Zaragoza Karl siege, his army was defeated by the Moors, who killed every member of the rearguard of his army. A detachment of the francs under the command of the Margrave Roland, who was killed in gorge Ronceval. It is written about him a pearl of medieval ballads – “the Song of Roland”. Continue reading