Fantastic, irrational, light, expressive and upward forms of the Gothic style to overcome the cumbersome nature of the stone and affect the brightness of colors. Most often, the term “Gothic” applies to creations of medieval architects, but to some extent almost every area of art has undergone its influence.
The history of the Gothic style
At the end of the XII century replaced the Romanesque style came Gothic . prevailed on the territory of almost whole Europe until the end of XV – beginning of XVI century. Born in the middle of the XII century in France, already in the early thirteenth century it included Spain, the Czech Republic, England, Austria and Germany. Later a new stylistic direction and spread on the Italian territory, but has undergone some significant changes, creating the “Italian Gothic”. Eastern Europe has “succumbed” to the Gothic influence later and lasted it longer than in the West. Continue reading
Iconic religious buildings or temples, were changing under the influence of time, tastes, goals, architectural trends, but they, of course, are based on the core principles espoused a particular faith. The main purpose of construction of this kind is creating an environment benevolent to spiritual meditations.
Eastern temple architecture
Temple architecture of Ancient Egypt tried to recreate a certain abode of the gods, giving the buildings a similar appearance to the venue of sacrifices and performing mystical rituals. Classical Greek and Roman architecture sought to create magnificent sanctuaries of worship to the gods of Olympus.
India temples did not know the nature worship and the spirit did not require walls. However, religious buildings arose. The tradition of Indian chemostate were largely dictated by the influence of colonization and saturated with elements, introduced from outside, in conjunction with local beliefs and traditions. Indian temples have two distinct areas – carbon and draviḍa, different types of input installations and dome. Continue reading
Gothic — style art. Born in Western Europe. Dominated in art from the thirteenth to the fifteenth century. The Goths – ancient Romans called barbarian tribes made raids on the lands North of the Roman Empire in III-V centuries ad the term “Gothic” appeared in the Renaissance as a derisive nickname meant: barbaric, primitive, fading into the past. At first it was applied to literature as a definition for illiterate, distorted Latin. Medieval architecture was then called the General term “tedesca” (Italian — “German”). There is a version that the word “Gothic” was first used by Raphael, a famous painter of the Renaissance.
Gothic – the pinnacle of medieval art. Characteristic features of this style: the bright colors, the presence of gilding, lots of stained glass, the expressiveness of buildings, spires, harmony of light, glass and stone. The Gothic style represents the last, final stage in the development of art of the middle Ages in Western Europe. The fact of the origin of Gothic architecture is considered the culmination of the Romanesque style. but, at the same time and its overcoming, liberation from it. Long time elements of the two styles existed in parallel, and the transition of the XII century wore related to the Revival of the nature. Continue reading