Kutná Hora is an ancient Czech city, founded in XIII century. He stands on a hill surrounded by greenery of the forest. Once there were found mines, where for a long time the silver was mined. Today, the city is reminiscent of the middle ages and recognized as a Museum under the open sky. Kutná Hora has a history that is linked to silver mining. Major sources of ore brought main income for the whole of Europe. Later it began to mint pennies (coins Prague). In our days in the city you can see many unique monuments of architecture, walk through its streets and admire the Gothic style buildings.
One of the most famous attractions of Kutna Hora is the chapel that is comprised of human bones. Slightly depressing experience creates this structure, however, this unique building is composed of thousands of 40000 human bones. Naturally, all of the material disinfected and bleached. Once, in the middle ages, it was a battle, which killed tens of thousands of people. That’s when the idea to build the chapel. It’s all bones: chandeliers, images of monsters, bells, coat of arms of the famous family of Shvartsenberg. Continue reading
Malta cross and go far out to sea track, similar to the stone rails (see “AIF” N 38). Built in the new stone age, the ruts were contemporaries of the temples, built of huge megaliths. Was able to build the ancient Atlanteans.
FARMER Lorenzo fed up to straighten the blade of the plow, nieszawska on the boulders, which was littered with his plot in the town of Tarxien. Having begun to uproot the rocks, he found under them smoothly hewn blocks with reliefs of great beauty. Due to the findings Temi Zammit, the first Maltese archaeologist, noticed a few oval buildings lie under a layer of gray ash. Researcher defined: this layer without traces of human activity — evidence of a volcanic eruption, the lava which covered the island more than 4.5 thousand years ago. So, temples were built before the disaster.
So exactly one hundred years ago in the center Tarsina dug up the temple complex. It is still amazing engineering and artistic skill. And his age close to 5 thousand years. In that distant time in Europe could not be competent engineers, skilled stone carvers. There was no metal. On this, at least, insists the historical science. Continue reading
Fantastic, irrational, light, expressive and upward forms of the Gothic style to overcome the cumbersome nature of the stone and affect the brightness of colors. Most often, the term “Gothic” applies to creations of medieval architects, but to some extent almost every area of art has undergone its influence.
The history of the Gothic style
At the end of the XII century replaced the Romanesque style came Gothic . prevailed on the territory of almost whole Europe until the end of XV – beginning of XVI century. Born in the middle of the XII century in France, already in the early thirteenth century it included Spain, the Czech Republic, England, Austria and Germany. Later a new stylistic direction and spread on the Italian territory, but has undergone some significant changes, creating the “Italian Gothic”. Eastern Europe has “succumbed” to the Gothic influence later and lasted it longer than in the West. Continue reading