The remains of this massive structure can be traced throughout the Russian TRANS-Volga region – from the Astrakhan region to Tatarstan, after which this earthen wall turns to the East and is lost somewhere in the foothills of the Middle Urals. Size Zavolzhsky historical shaft cannot fail to impress: in total, its length is at least two and a half thousand kilometers!
Most scientists of various specialties have put forward many hypotheses to explain the origin of the legends of the Samarskaya Luka Peninsula on the Middle Volga. According to one hypothesis, the area of the Volga region became the last stronghold of the representatives of a certain race, who lived on the Russian plain a few thousand years ago. Pressed on all sides by enemies-nomads, these people came to the banks of the Volga river, where took refuge in remote caves and mountain gorges, and founded a mysterious underground settlements. Continue reading
Its originality and grandeur of the ancient architecture of the Ingush has long attracted the attention of many scientists. Back in the mid-18th century Vakhushti Bagrationi noted that the Ingush “are able to build from stone to lime, and from them raise up houses, towers and fortifications”. This architecture addressed Steger, Pallas, klaproth, Engelhardt, Blaramberh, V. Miller; in Soviet times – L. Semenov, E. Krupnov, M. Busarkin, A. Robakidze, etc.
Cyclopean constructions from stacked without mortar large stones scientists tend to refer to very distant times, up to Neolithic times. Typically, these buildings served the role of defensive walls, vozdvijenskaya in front of the entrance to the cave or around the home. Replaced the cyclopean buildings over time, buildings came from ordinary stone rock with the use of a bonding solution. River rounded stones was almost never used, because they do not was held together with mortar between them. Continue reading
Lviv has always been the heart and soul of Europe, a subject of special pride of Ukraine. In the city of Lviv was the site of important Church decrees. For the construction of temples nobles and kings spared no expense – their beauty and grandeur was a kind of iselenium patriotism. Almost all the temples of Lviv have survived preserved in a modified form. They reflect the complicated religious structure and religious community: 35,2% – Greek Catholics;
11,4% – the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church;
9,1% – Orthodox of the Kyiv Patriarchate;
6,5% – Roman Catholics.
In Lviv there is a Russian Orthodox Church, the Armenian Apostolic Orthodox Church and a Protestant Church, Metropolitan Archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Ukraine, Jewish and Islamic organizations and others. Opened in Lviv the Ukrainian Catholic University has its own theological Seminary and the Kyiv Patriarchate. The city has more than hundreds of Christian churches. Continue reading