Fantastic, irrational, light, expressive and upward forms of the Gothic style to overcome the cumbersome nature of the stone and affect the brightness of colors. Most often, the term “Gothic” applies to creations of medieval architects, but to some extent almost every area of art has undergone its influence.
The history of the Gothic style
At the end of the XII century replaced the Romanesque style came Gothic . prevailed on the territory of almost whole Europe until the end of XV – beginning of XVI century. Born in the middle of the XII century in France, already in the early thirteenth century it included Spain, the Czech Republic, England, Austria and Germany. Later a new stylistic direction and spread on the Italian territory, but has undergone some significant changes, creating the “Italian Gothic”. Eastern Europe has “succumbed” to the Gothic influence later and lasted it longer than in the West. Continue reading
What are the achievements in architecture and engineering building is famous for the ancient Romans?
Looked like an early Christian Basilica and cross-domed Church?
What buildings were decorated with medieval city-commune?
Smiling angel is the embodiment of Paradise. The statue of the portal of Reims Cathedral. XIII, V. 1.
Architecture. The builders of the early middle Ages picked up much from the strict architecture of the ancient Romans, and therefore structures up to the XI—XIII centuries, is called romance (from “Roma” — Rome). The Romanesque Church is the massive building with almost smooth walls, high towers, simple décor. Everywhere repeat the outlines of the semicircular arches on arches, window openings, entrances to the temple. At the same time, its power Roman temples resemble castles. Indeed, they often served as a refuge for the population of the neighborhood. Continue reading
Long gone ancient civilization, leaving to posterity many questions and mysteries that are fighting today hundreds of scholars and esotericists. One of such mysteries is still a mystery of the Egyptian pyramids are the only wonder of the seven that survived to our days. The most famous pyramids are the three giant, ascended over the desert at Giza, the entrance to which is guarded by the mysterious Sphinx. This pyramid, built in honor of pharaohs of the fourth dynasty – Khufu, Khafre and menkaure. The most magnificent building of the complex – the pyramid of Cheops. Estimated end date of its erection – 2500 BC At the time the pyramid towered over the Sands at 146 meters. Its plane, lined with polished slabs of white limestone that gleamed in the sun, and the Shine of them visible at a distance of many miles around. In our days the height of the pyramid of Cheops is 135 meters, and the time and the sand has completely obliterated the limestone veneer from its surface. The absolute accuracy of the layout of the pyramid as a whole and its parts separately, given the size of the facility, surprising even the modern builders and architects. Mystery are and the technology used in the process of its construction. Continue reading