Almost 500 years after the construction, on November 1 of the year 609, the Pantheon was turned into a Christian Church. It is logical that a former temple of all gods was called the Church of all Holy martyrs. Since day 1 of November is celebrated as all saints Day and the Catholics and the Protestants.
Any person, for the first time going to the Pantheon, could not restrain an exclamation of rapture. People humanitarian warehouse in the first place will be thrilled by the splendor of the interior decoration, the creation of which was attended by the famous Raphael. Maybe that’s why he was buried here.
Those who have studied strength of materials or structural mechanics, immediately raise your head up to admire the brilliant dome. The dome of the Pantheon is not just beautiful. This dome is not only highly functional. This dome is famous by the fact that he is generally the first dome building in the world. During the construction of the Pantheon for covering large round room with a diameter of 45 meters Roman architects first used the domed ceiling. Continue reading
What are the achievements in architecture and engineering building is famous for the ancient Romans?
Looked like an early Christian Basilica and cross-domed Church?
What buildings were decorated with medieval city-commune?
Smiling angel is the embodiment of Paradise. The statue of the portal of Reims Cathedral. XIII, V. 1.
Architecture. The builders of the early middle Ages picked up much from the strict architecture of the ancient Romans, and therefore structures up to the XI—XIII centuries, is called romance (from “Roma” — Rome). The Romanesque Church is the massive building with almost smooth walls, high towers, simple décor. Everywhere repeat the outlines of the semicircular arches on arches, window openings, entrances to the temple. At the same time, its power Roman temples resemble castles. Indeed, they often served as a refuge for the population of the neighborhood. Continue reading
Defender of the Church and a tireless warrior, Charlemagne during the lifetime became a legend. The son of king Pepin the Short and Queen Bertha Bigfoot, he was proclaimed Emperor and received the crown from the hands of the Pope in Rome on Christmas day in 800.
He managed to unite the whole of Gaul, that collapsed during the reign of the Merovingians for a separate state and joined to it the territory of Italy and Germany. He divided his Empire into counties and administered through the governors – the Royal counts, which collected taxes and dispensed justice.
In the middle ages, Charlemagne became one of the most significant and heroic rulers, made themselves famous by creating the first Christian state in Western Europe, numerous military campaigns, the extension of lands. Over 45 military campaigns, and most of them ended in victory. Defeated Carl was converted to Christianity.
After an unsuccessful attempt to take Zaragoza Karl siege, his army was defeated by the Moors, who killed every member of the rearguard of his army. A detachment of the francs under the command of the Margrave Roland, who was killed in gorge Ronceval. It is written about him a pearl of medieval ballads – “the Song of Roland”. Continue reading