Artistic forging in Gothic style
Traveling through Europe for myself to note the fact that different historical eras have different trends and styles in architecture. One of the brightest areas, of course, is the Gothic…

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Walk in Nikolsko-Botanical: the haunted house and Gothic doll castle
One of the smaller streets in Kiev Nikolsko-Botanical (adjacent to St. Lva Tolstogo), near the Botanical garden. Fomina. It was originally St. Nicholas, in honor of Emperor Nicholas I, but…

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Maltese Cyclops

Malta cross and go far out to sea track, similar to the stone rails (see “AIF” N 38). Built in the new stone age, the ruts were contemporaries of the temples, built of huge megaliths. Was able to build the ancient Atlanteans.

FARMER Lorenzo fed up to straighten the blade of the plow, nieszawska on the boulders, which was littered with his plot in the town of Tarxien. Having begun to uproot the rocks, he found under them smoothly hewn blocks with reliefs of great beauty. Due to the findings Temi Zammit, the first Maltese archaeologist, noticed a few oval buildings lie under a layer of gray ash. Researcher defined: this layer without traces of human activity — evidence of a volcanic eruption, the lava which covered the island more than 4.5 thousand years ago. So, temples were built before the disaster.

So exactly one hundred years ago in the center Tarsina dug up the temple complex. It is still amazing engineering and artistic skill. And his age close to 5 thousand years. In that distant time in Europe could not be competent engineers, skilled stone carvers. There was no metal. On this, at least, insists the historical science. Continue reading

When was built the oldest dome in the world?

Almost 500 years after the construction, on November 1 of the year 609, the Pantheon was turned into a Christian Church. It is logical that a former temple of all gods was called the Church of all Holy martyrs. Since day 1 of November is celebrated as all saints Day and the Catholics and the Protestants.

Any person, for the first time going to the Pantheon, could not restrain an exclamation of rapture. People humanitarian warehouse in the first place will be thrilled by the splendor of the interior decoration, the creation of which was attended by the famous Raphael. Maybe that’s why he was buried here.

Those who have studied strength of materials or structural mechanics, immediately raise your head up to admire the brilliant dome. The dome of the Pantheon is not just beautiful. This dome is not only highly functional. This dome is famous by the fact that he is generally the first dome building in the world. During the construction of the Pantheon for covering large round room with a diameter of 45 meters Roman architects first used the domed ceiling. Continue reading

Pyramids: there are more questions than answers

Long gone ancient civilization, leaving to posterity many questions and mysteries that are fighting today hundreds of scholars and esotericists. One of such mysteries is still a mystery of the Egyptian pyramids are the only wonder of the seven that survived to our days. The most famous pyramids are the three giant, ascended over the desert at Giza, the entrance to which is guarded by the mysterious Sphinx. This pyramid, built in honor of pharaohs of the fourth dynasty – Khufu, Khafre and menkaure. The most magnificent building of the complex – the pyramid of Cheops. Estimated end date of its erection – 2500 BC At the time the pyramid towered over the Sands at 146 meters. Its plane, lined with polished slabs of white limestone that gleamed in the sun, and the Shine of them visible at a distance of many miles around. In our days the height of the pyramid of Cheops is 135 meters, and the time and the sand has completely obliterated the limestone veneer from its surface. The absolute accuracy of the layout of the pyramid as a whole and its parts separately, given the size of the facility, surprising even the modern builders and architects. Mystery are and the technology used in the process of its construction. Continue reading