Underground structures
The last decade has put before the NIIOSP specialists a number of new scientific, engineering and technical problems associated with the comprehensive development of underground space of cities. The underground…

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What's in common? gardens, megalithic structures, mandalas and temples
I have increasingly come to the conclusion that everything is interconnected, and there is a higher mental mind or is it embedded in our genes. I look at labyrinths, mandalas,…

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towers

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Living room in Gothic style

Fantastic, irrational, light, expressive and upward forms of the Gothic style to overcome the cumbersome nature of the stone and affect the brightness of colors. Most often, the term “Gothic” applies to creations of medieval architects, but to some extent almost every area of art has undergone its influence.

The history of the Gothic style

At the end of the XII century replaced the Romanesque style came Gothic . prevailed on the territory of almost whole Europe until the end of XV – beginning of XVI century. Born in the middle of the XII century in France, already in the early thirteenth century it included Spain, the Czech Republic, England, Austria and Germany. Later a new stylistic direction and spread on the Italian territory, but has undergone some significant changes, creating the “Italian Gothic”. Eastern Europe has “succumbed” to the Gothic influence later and lasted it longer than in the West. Continue reading

Gothic architecture

goticheskaja-arhitektura “Eerily beautiful”- this term, in my opinion, best describes this style of architecture. Have you ever breathless from the sight of something truly beautiful? You will feel it, seeing the beauty of open-work, of magnificence, almost ethereal heights, these cathedrals. In this architecture there is something mysterious and, I believe, esoteric. Despite the fact that now this style is almost never used, it still remains relevant. To broaden and deepen their knowledge in Gothic architecture it is necessary to examine some of the nuances of the structure used by the Gothic architects.

Clearly see the features of the structure of Gothic cathedrals possible, comparing it with a Romanesque style. It is worth noting that he was “the forerunner of the” Gothic. To keep away from put themes, you can briefly describe the Romanesque style, namely, one word- “fortress”. Both styles are completely opposite to each other, so the Gothic style society refused to accept, considering the architecture of barbarism. But, over time, when France, England and Germany reacted positively to the style, it spread throughout Europe. Continue reading

Pygmies became a Cyclops

These ruins about three hundred kilometers from Limpopo have opened over a hundred years ago a traveler and a hunter of elephants Adam Render, who presented us with the first mystery and the awesome fortress, and the first myth about her, borrowed them from the wild tribes. Since then, scientists investigated the ruins and robbing the prospectors, adventurers, who considered these places a Golden Paradise of Africa. It should be noted that this opinion had some Foundation, as the entire area surrounding the buildings, dug by the ancient miners, was mined here iron or copper and perhaps precious metals. The tribes of matabele called ruins in the jungle “Zimbabwe”, under this name they entered the long list of stone puzzles that the XX century has left new researchers.

Scientists have found the so-called Acropolis, which occupies the top of the hill, and the remains of some buildings. The citadel consisted of a massive tower with a height of 15 meters, and walls reaching ten meters of altitude and significant encircling the space. In the hands of Amateur archaeologists sometimes got iron and copper items, and sometimes gold crafts. These castings finds dated to the XIV century, Continue reading

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