Malta cross and go far out to sea track, similar to the stone rails (see “AIF” N 38). Built in the new stone age, the ruts were contemporaries of the temples, built of huge megaliths. Was able to build the ancient Atlanteans.
FARMER Lorenzo fed up to straighten the blade of the plow, nieszawska on the boulders, which was littered with his plot in the town of Tarxien. Having begun to uproot the rocks, he found under them smoothly hewn blocks with reliefs of great beauty. Due to the findings Temi Zammit, the first Maltese archaeologist, noticed a few oval buildings lie under a layer of gray ash. Researcher defined: this layer without traces of human activity — evidence of a volcanic eruption, the lava which covered the island more than 4.5 thousand years ago. So, temples were built before the disaster.
So exactly one hundred years ago in the center Tarsina dug up the temple complex. It is still amazing engineering and artistic skill. And his age close to 5 thousand years. In that distant time in Europe could not be competent engineers, skilled stone carvers. There was no metal. On this, at least, insists the historical science. Continue reading
What are the achievements in architecture and engineering building is famous for the ancient Romans?
Looked like an early Christian Basilica and cross-domed Church?
What buildings were decorated with medieval city-commune?
Smiling angel is the embodiment of Paradise. The statue of the portal of Reims Cathedral. XIII, V. 1.
Architecture. The builders of the early middle Ages picked up much from the strict architecture of the ancient Romans, and therefore structures up to the XI—XIII centuries, is called romance (from “Roma” — Rome). The Romanesque Church is the massive building with almost smooth walls, high towers, simple décor. Everywhere repeat the outlines of the semicircular arches on arches, window openings, entrances to the temple. At the same time, its power Roman temples resemble castles. Indeed, they often served as a refuge for the population of the neighborhood. Continue reading
Defender of the Church and a tireless warrior, Charlemagne during the lifetime became a legend. The son of king Pepin the Short and Queen Bertha Bigfoot, he was proclaimed Emperor and received the crown from the hands of the Pope in Rome on Christmas day in 800.
He managed to unite the whole of Gaul, that collapsed during the reign of the Merovingians for a separate state and joined to it the territory of Italy and Germany. He divided his Empire into counties and administered through the governors – the Royal counts, which collected taxes and dispensed justice.
In the middle ages, Charlemagne became one of the most significant and heroic rulers, made themselves famous by creating the first Christian state in Western Europe, numerous military campaigns, the extension of lands. Over 45 military campaigns, and most of them ended in victory. Defeated Carl was converted to Christianity.
After an unsuccessful attempt to take Zaragoza Karl siege, his army was defeated by the Moors, who killed every member of the rearguard of his army. A detachment of the francs under the command of the Margrave Roland, who was killed in gorge Ronceval. It is written about him a pearl of medieval ballads – “the Song of Roland”. Continue reading