What are the achievements in architecture and engineering building is famous for the ancient Romans?
Looked like an early Christian Basilica and cross-domed Church?
What buildings were decorated with medieval city-commune?
Smiling angel is the embodiment of Paradise. The statue of the portal of Reims Cathedral. XIII, V. 1.
Architecture. The builders of the early middle Ages picked up much from the strict architecture of the ancient Romans, and therefore structures up to the XI—XIII centuries, is called romance (from “Roma” — Rome). The Romanesque Church is the massive building with almost smooth walls, high towers, simple décor. Everywhere repeat the outlines of the semicircular arches on arches, window openings, entrances to the temple. At the same time, its power Roman temples resemble castles. Indeed, they often served as a refuge for the population of the neighborhood. Continue reading
Long gone ancient civilization, leaving to posterity many questions and mysteries that are fighting today hundreds of scholars and esotericists. One of such mysteries is still a mystery of the Egyptian pyramids are the only wonder of the seven that survived to our days. The most famous pyramids are the three giant, ascended over the desert at Giza, the entrance to which is guarded by the mysterious Sphinx. This pyramid, built in honor of pharaohs of the fourth dynasty – Khufu, Khafre and menkaure. The most magnificent building of the complex – the pyramid of Cheops. Estimated end date of its erection – 2500 BC At the time the pyramid towered over the Sands at 146 meters. Its plane, lined with polished slabs of white limestone that gleamed in the sun, and the Shine of them visible at a distance of many miles around. In our days the height of the pyramid of Cheops is 135 meters, and the time and the sand has completely obliterated the limestone veneer from its surface. The absolute accuracy of the layout of the pyramid as a whole and its parts separately, given the size of the facility, surprising even the modern builders and architects. Mystery are and the technology used in the process of its construction. Continue reading
Defender of the Church and a tireless warrior, Charlemagne during the lifetime became a legend. The son of king Pepin the Short and Queen Bertha Bigfoot, he was proclaimed Emperor and received the crown from the hands of the Pope in Rome on Christmas day in 800.
He managed to unite the whole of Gaul, that collapsed during the reign of the Merovingians for a separate state and joined to it the territory of Italy and Germany. He divided his Empire into counties and administered through the governors – the Royal counts, which collected taxes and dispensed justice.
In the middle ages, Charlemagne became one of the most significant and heroic rulers, made themselves famous by creating the first Christian state in Western Europe, numerous military campaigns, the extension of lands. Over 45 military campaigns, and most of them ended in victory. Defeated Carl was converted to Christianity.
After an unsuccessful attempt to take Zaragoza Karl siege, his army was defeated by the Moors, who killed every member of the rearguard of his army. A detachment of the francs under the command of the Margrave Roland, who was killed in gorge Ronceval. It is written about him a pearl of medieval ballads – “the Song of Roland”. Continue reading