Fantastic, irrational, light, expressive and upward forms of the Gothic style to overcome the cumbersome nature of the stone and affect the brightness of colors. Most often, the term “Gothic” applies to creations of medieval architects, but to some extent almost every area of art has undergone its influence.
The history of the Gothic style
At the end of the XII century replaced the Romanesque style came Gothic . prevailed on the territory of almost whole Europe until the end of XV – beginning of XVI century. Born in the middle of the XII century in France, already in the early thirteenth century it included Spain, the Czech Republic, England, Austria and Germany. Later a new stylistic direction and spread on the Italian territory, but has undergone some significant changes, creating the “Italian Gothic”. Eastern Europe has “succumbed” to the Gothic influence later and lasted it longer than in the West. Continue reading
The giant maze was built by the Egyptian king Amenemhat III (Psammetichus) around 2000 BC near the pyramids in the Fayoum, on the South coast Merida lake (lake Moeris) . located to the West of the Nile river, 80 kilometers South of the modern city of Cairo. Here is what writes about it in “Historical library” the Greek historian Diodorus of Sicily that between 60 and 57 BC visited Egypt:
“This Maze is remarkable not only for its dimensions, but with cunning and mastery of the internal structure, to reproduce which is impossible.”
Manetho, high priest of Egypt from Heliopolis, in his notes, preserved in the excerpts, “Aegyptiaca” that the Creator of the labyrinth, was the fourth Pharaoh of the twelfth dynasty, Amenemhat III . which he calls Lamparas or Laboris . and about which he writes: “… (He) rules eight years. Arsenism in nome he built himself a tomb — a labyrinth with many rooms ” . Perhaps that is why it is considered that the Continue reading
What are the achievements in architecture and engineering building is famous for the ancient Romans?
Looked like an early Christian Basilica and cross-domed Church?
What buildings were decorated with medieval city-commune?
Smiling angel is the embodiment of Paradise. The statue of the portal of Reims Cathedral. XIII, V. 1.
Architecture. The builders of the early middle Ages picked up much from the strict architecture of the ancient Romans, and therefore structures up to the XI—XIII centuries, is called romance (from “Roma” — Rome). The Romanesque Church is the massive building with almost smooth walls, high towers, simple décor. Everywhere repeat the outlines of the semicircular arches on arches, window openings, entrances to the temple. At the same time, its power Roman temples resemble castles. Indeed, they often served as a refuge for the population of the neighborhood. Continue reading