Gothic style in architecture
Gothic — a period in the development of Western, Central and Eastern part of Europe from the XII to the XVI century. Gothic replaced the Romanesque style, gradually replacing it. The term “Gothic” is most often applied to well-known style of architectural structures, which can be summarized as “eerily majestic.”
The word comes from Italian. gotico — unusual, barbaric.
Gothic in its development is divided into:
a period of prosperity;
the late Gothic.
The Gothic style mainly manifested in the architecture of temples, cathedrals, churches, monasteries . For the typical Gothic arch with a pointed top, a narrow and high towers and columns . richly decorated facade with carved details, winery, tympanum, archivolt, and multicolored stained-glass Lancet Windows . All the style elements that emphasize the vertical .
With the advent of the cross vault, the system of columns, engaged piers and flying buttresses, cathedrals got kind of huge fantastic openwork structures.
Gothic consistently applied the Lancet to form the arches, which also reduced their lateral thrust, allowing to direct a significant portion of the pressure arch for support. Pointed arches, which with the development of gotteskrieger becoming more elongated, pointed, expressed the main idea of Gothic architecture — the idea of aspiration of the temple up .
Often in place supports were added on the buttress was pinacle. The pinnacles is completed by the pointed spires of the pinnacles have often constructive. They could be just decorative elements and in the period of Mature Gothic are actively involved in creating the image of a Cathedral.
Almost always constructed two tiers of flying buttresses. First, the top tier was designed to support roofs, over time, becoming more steep, and therefore heavier. The second tier of flying buttresses also opposed dawasamu on the roof of the wind. Gothic cathedrals were decorated with numerous sculptures and high relief . On the main façade is Gothic rose.