Gothic style in architecture of the middle ages – especially European schools
"Today, computers allow us to find answers to some very serious issues, if you lay in them all the necessary data and ask all the necessary questions." — Buckminster Fuller…

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The symbol of Munich — the Gothic Frauenkirche Cathedral
Of all the cities that we visited in Bavaria, Munich we liked the most. This is a very lively city with an upbeat atmosphere. It harmoniously blends the past and…

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Secrets of STONEHENGE

Stonehenge is the coeval of the Egyptian pyramids, but neither the Greek nor Roman authors never included him among the “seven wonders of the world”. Probably these stones were not much impressed. Magnificent stone creations on Earth tens or even hundreds, but none of them the stone was not used so skillfully in stunning imagination Stonehenge. Will try in this article to give maximum information to the readers about this ancient architectural monument.

Stonehenge – the world famous stone megalithic structure located on the vast Salisbury plain about 130 kilometers from London. The most common version is that this name originated from English. Stone Hedge stone fence. The structure, similar to Stonehenge, is also in France, where the river Dordogne (the Central highlands). In France and still live the descendants of the ancient priests, faithfully observing the tradition. The first mention of Stonehenge we find the Frankish Galatea (approximately VI century BC). And in 40-th years BC ancient historian Diodorus Siculus wrote about British megaliths the following: “This magnificent sanctuary of Apollo, a beautiful temple, spherical in shape”. The Greek historian writes that the God Apollo visits the Celts every 19 years, he plays on kifree dancing all night until the rising of the Pleiades on the vernal equinox. In the XII century, the famous English chronicler, Godfrey Manatsky in his novel of king Arthur vividly describes how Merlin, the magician at the court of the king, with the charms moved huge stones from Ireland to England. It is quite natural that people of bygone eras could not find any other explanation how such a huge megaliths were moved over long distances.

After the fall of Rome, the tribes of angles and Saxons came to the land of Britain. Seeing Stonehenge, they did not dare to destroy it and believed that these huge boulders are the remains of the Palace of the legendary king Arthur. After the conquest of Britain by the Normans, the ruins of Stonehenge also had not been tampered with. The conquerors adopted the megalithic structure for housing the Scandinavian God Odin. The first attempt to study Stonehenge as a Grand Observatory of the stone age belongs to J.. Hawkins and J. White. It is possible that for the ancient inhabitants of Britain and North of France megalithic constructions of the type of Stonehenge were astronomical, and ritual structures. At the same time with the study of planets, stars, sunrises and sunsets and the moon were made of the burial of the dead, evidenced by numerous burial grounds and other ceremonial places. Perhaps burials took place at a certain time, for example, associated with the phases of the moon or other natural phenomena. Add to this the fact that this appointment had a monumental complexes of the ancient Mayan architecture in Central America.

I must say that Stonehenge is one of those monuments that defy traditional archaeological surveys, and that in some way hampers the meaning.

One thing is clear: whoever the ancient builders, they possessed a fundamental knowledge of astronomy, mathematics, Geology and architecture. And if to consider that such Grand buildings were built on different continents, we have to recognize the fact that about the history of the ancient world and the science we know very little.