Great Zavolzhsky shaft
The remains of this massive structure can be traced throughout the Russian TRANS-Volga region – from the Astrakhan region to Tatarstan, after which this earthen wall turns to the East and is lost somewhere in the foothills of the Middle Urals. Size Zavolzhsky historical shaft cannot fail to impress: in total, its length is at least two and a half thousand kilometers!
Most scientists of various specialties have put forward many hypotheses to explain the origin of the legends of the Samarskaya Luka Peninsula on the Middle Volga. According to one hypothesis, the area of the Volga region became the last stronghold of the representatives of a certain race, who lived on the Russian plain a few thousand years ago. Pressed on all sides by enemies-nomads, these people came to the banks of the Volga river, where took refuge in remote caves and mountain gorges, and founded a mysterious underground settlements.
Samara researchers from the NGO “Avesta” for many years organized the expedition for the survey of a number of anomalous zones associated with these ancient legends. Today, about one of such phenomena tell the leaders of the “Avesta” Igor Ivanovich and Oleg Warrior.
– During one of the expeditions we examined an extensive area on the border of Krasnoyarsk and districts of Kinel of the Samara region, where you will see the remains of cyclopean object, in historical science known as style istoricheskih. So Russian historians refer to some Grand structure, which in our day looks like an earthen mound, along the foot of which stretches a well-marked ditch. Now this mound has a height of five meters and seventy meters in width, and the depth of the ditch varies from one to three meters. But we assume that many years ago Zavolzhsky historic shaft was far more impressive dimensions.
The remains of grandiose buildings referred to can be traced throughout the Russian TRANS-Volga region – from the Astrakhan region to Tatarstan, after which this earthen wall turns to the East and is lost somewhere in the foothills of the Middle Urals. Size Zavolzhsky historical shaft cannot fail to impress: in total, its length is at least two and a half thousand kilometers!
Krasny Yar village near Samara – there here so used part of strengthening this shaft – the stadium built.
Many fragments of this magnificent chain is now listed on maps of a number of Russian regions of the Middle Volga and southern Urals. In particular, in the Samara region Zavolzhsky historical shaft can clearly be seen on the left Bank of the Volga, in the steppes at the mouth of the river Cagri, near the border with the Saratov region. Then this ridge goes through Pestravsky, Volga and Krasnoarmejsky areas. However, there remained only fragments, almost completely destroyed by time.
But in the area between Samara and Red Yar, in particular near the village of Vodino, the historic rampart is visible best, and here he has the greatest height, and stretches at the foot of the moat – the greatest depth.
Expedition “Avesta” in the years examined which is preserved to this day, parts of this building, especially in those places where the body Zavolzhsky historical shaft as a result of road works was dissected out. It was noted that in the section of the shaft has a pronounced trapezoidal shape. In addition, there are still piles of rubble stone, which the ancient builders had once strengthened the basis of their cyclopean buildings. Inspection and sampling from these areas while the expedition and limited, although it is known that the territory of Krasnoyarsk area of the historic shaft out further North of the Samara region, and then in Tatarstan and Bashkortostan.
Who built it?
Not to say that to this day the Russian historians, archaeologists and scientists of other specialties not studied this giant, even for modern large structure. Just official science still does not pay Zavolzhsky historical shaft due attention. It is believed that this is just the remnants of Russian fortifications against nomads, built under the direction of Ivan Kirilov, Vasily Tatishchev and Peter Rychkov in the XVII—XVIII centuries. However, many archaeological materials refute this view. Although the Russian archives do have information on the construction of a small number of fortifications in the Volga river in those times, still it is believed that during the development of steppe spaces in the eighteenth century Russian settlers only reconstructed Zavolzhsky historic shaft, already existed at that time. Arguments in favor of this viewpoint are many, and the proof can cite at least two of them.
Firstly, have long been counted, a number of icesto manpower necessary to create such an earth embankment and adjacent ditch. And it turned out that even if together took up shovels without exception, all the immigrants who came to the Volga in the XVIII century, including infants and very old men, still for the construction of a shaft of this size they would need at least half a century. And it is not clear why neither in the archives nor in the traditions are not preserved any information about the construction of this colossal building, which in size can only be compared with great wall of China!
The second argument. As already mentioned, the official historians believe that the historical shaft was built by the Russians for protection against the steppe nomads. However, one has only to look at this building, and we will see that stretching along a trench is not from the East and from the West side! Therefore, the people who built these fortifications, defended not from the invasion of the Eastern tribes, and from the invasion of other barbarians coming from the West!