What are the temples
Iconic religious buildings or temples, were changing under the influence of time, tastes, goals, architectural trends, but they, of course, are based on the core principles espoused a particular faith. The main purpose of construction of this kind is creating an environment benevolent to spiritual meditations.
Eastern temple architecture
Temple architecture of Ancient Egypt tried to recreate a certain abode of the gods, giving the buildings a similar appearance to the venue of sacrifices and performing mystical rituals. Classical Greek and Roman architecture sought to create magnificent sanctuaries of worship to the gods of Olympus.
India temples did not know the nature worship and the spirit did not require walls. However, religious buildings arose. The tradition of Indian chemostate were largely dictated by the influence of colonization and saturated with elements, introduced from outside, in conjunction with local beliefs and traditions. Indian temples have two distinct areas – carbon and draviḍa, different types of input installations and dome.
Buddhist temples are divided into two main types, among which are the Vihara, or ascetic seekers of the wandering monks, and stupas, designed to protect and rest the relics of the Buddha. According to Indian beliefs the temple building should vklyuchayuschimisya elements of the Universe, that is, to combine the best traditions of astronomy and geometry, to obey the principles of ascent and decorated with numerous decorative elements and ornaments.
Byzantium and the Islamic tradition
Byzantine architecture has brought the fashion of the bricks, classic shapes and sophisticated rounded domes, combined with the correct geometric shape of the structure. Under the influence of this direction were built many monumental buildings in the Middle East, that is why the Islamic cult temples of different elements such as numerous arches and vaults.
One characteristic of Islamic temples is the presence of narrow towers, minarets, which are not only the highest point of the mosque, but sometimes the highest element of the entire neighborhood.
The basis of Christian architecture formed the so-called plan of a cross with the obligatory presence of the altar, located in the Eastern direction, such structures require the presence of domes designed to draw attention to the altar.
Brightest representatives of Gothic architecture are the majestic European cathedrals, and the classical temple buildings of the Renaissance return again to clear the lines of Roman temples made with great geometric precision.
The Baroque marked a huge internal spaces, designed to emphasize the play of light and shadow, to focus on the beauty of the murals and an artfully designed interior.
Thus, it becomes clear that no matter what age or religious denomination belong to the temple from the point of view of architecture and art, he bears a great historical and social burden and is a tremendous human and historical value.