When was built the oldest dome in the world?
Almost 500 years after the construction, on November 1 of the year 609, the Pantheon was turned into a Christian Church. It is logical that a former temple of all…

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Artistic forging in Gothic style
Traveling through Europe for myself to note the fact that different historical eras have different trends and styles in architecture. One of the brightest areas, of course, is the Gothic…

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The great wall of China – a huge massive defensive structure

Defender of the Church and a tireless warrior, Charlemagne during the lifetime became a legend. The son of king Pepin the Short and Queen Bertha Bigfoot, he was proclaimed Emperor and received the crown from the hands of the Pope in Rome on Christmas day in 800.

He managed to unite the whole of Gaul, that collapsed during the reign of the Merovingians for a separate state and joined to it the territory of Italy and Germany. He divided his Empire into counties and administered through the governors – the Royal counts, which collected taxes and dispensed justice.

In the middle ages, Charlemagne became one of the most significant and heroic rulers, made themselves famous by creating the first Christian state in Western Europe, numerous military campaigns, the extension of lands. Over 45 military campaigns, and most of them ended in victory. Defeated Carl was converted to Christianity.

After an unsuccessful attempt to take Zaragoza Karl siege, his army was defeated by the Moors, who killed every member of the rearguard of his army. A detachment of the francs under the command of the Margrave Roland, who was killed in gorge Ronceval. It is written about him a pearl of medieval ballads – “the Song of Roland”.

Realizing the need of education, Charlemagne invites the learned monk Alcuin of England, which becomes gamepreview in schools where free can learn children from poor families, founded the Academy. Under Charles handy invented the font “Caroline minuscule”, which allowed to copy books. And of course he constantly takes care of the construction of churches and the development of art. This period of cultural explosion that followed the decline of the Merovingian epoch, received in history the name of the Carolingian Renaissance.

The great wall of China is a huge large-scale fortification, which originate near the coast of the Yellow sea, stretches along the Gobi desert and through the mountains of Northern China more than 6, 5 thousand km. It’s visible even from space magnificent building is considered the eighth wonder of the world. Even in the Guinness Book of records, the wall marked the biggest structure built by man.

Construction began during the Qin dynasty in IIIB BC was built the first Wall for protection from raids of nomads, and from the merging of Chinese with barbarians. The tower Walls were erected so that is within sight of two nearby for a quick warning about the dangers of using smoke from a chimney or drum beats. According to the legend, the winged horse of the Emperor pointed out the spot of buildings: where he had stumbled, and there the tower was built. Thus, the horse defined the borders of the Seine. The towers were built of a different material, and the portions of the wall of purple marble.

Its width was determined so that it could pass 8 people lined up, and was about 7 m. In the construction of tens of thousands of peasants, many could not stand and died, not to bury, peasant builders were immediately immured in a Wall.

The second section of the Wall built in the Han dynasty, and the third during the Ming dynasty. In the reign of Emperor Zhu Izzun the Renaissance were restored towers, the Wall itself is strengthened, and its top was decorated in the form of a toothed parapet. But after the death of the Emperor, the Wall was abandoned.

Modern Great wall of China, one that was built during the reign of Zhu Izzone. Many thousands of tourists annually visit this monument of architecture, which because of its uniqueness and antiquity was inscribed on the UNESCO world heritage list.