Pygmies became a Cyclops
These ruins about three hundred kilometers from Limpopo have opened over a hundred years ago a traveler and a hunter of elephants Adam Render, who presented us with the first mystery and the awesome fortress, and the first myth about her, borrowed them from the wild tribes. Since then, scientists investigated the ruins and robbing the prospectors, adventurers, who considered these places a Golden Paradise of Africa. It should be noted that this opinion had some Foundation, as the entire area surrounding the buildings, dug by the ancient miners, was mined here iron or copper and perhaps precious metals. The tribes of matabele called ruins in the jungle “Zimbabwe”, under this name they entered the long list of stone puzzles that the XX century has left new researchers.
Scientists have found the so-called Acropolis, which occupies the top of the hill, and the remains of some buildings. The citadel consisted of a massive tower with a height of 15 meters, and walls reaching ten meters of altitude and significant encircling the space. In the hands of Amateur archaeologists sometimes got iron and copper items, and sometimes gold crafts. These castings finds dated to the XIV century, but later excavations conducted by scientists have shown that the culture of the peoples who lived here belongs to the earlier period. This conclusion was podtverzdeniye carbon analysis, which subjected the remains of wooden structures, found at the foot of the stone walls; as it turned out, they were used in VI—VIII centuries. From the depth of centuries, another took the name of the country in the heart of Africa – “Monotape” (“master of the mines”) that existed during the XIII—XIV centuries.
The time has come to acquaint readers with the first mystery of the ancient ensemble. His “Columbus” – Renders visited here in the mid-nineteenth century. However, in 1763 in Amsterdam was issued a map, which not only clearly defines the location of the fortress-city, but given its detailed description. The complex of buildings, and at the same time resembling a knight’s castle with a single tower of impressive size, and city, enclosed by a high wall, of course, was intended for the protection of people living here from unknown enemies. Harvesting the ancient fortress of scattering of houses and settlements of medieval Europe and suggests that in time of danger the citizens were able to quickly hide behind fortifications. Being in the heart of the Black continent, the construction of Zimbabwe does not resemble the huts of the Negro-Africans.
As the years passed. Historians, archaeologists, travelers who came here after the gold diggers, gradually, step by step, he restored the appearance of the ancient citadel. But the clearer it became an individual part of the ensemble, the more mysteries put before researchers a fortress of an unknown people.
First of all amaze cyclopean dimensions of constructions of the African “Acropolis”.
His wall had a thickness of four to five meters and consisted of huge boulders. When looking at such a powerful defensive ring, naturally, the question arises, what kind of powerful enemies threatened the defenders of the citadel, because the construction of walls and towers demanded tremendous effort. The stone blocks were raised to the top of the hill and then there was a block to block. On the same principle ancient peoples were constructed in prehistory megaliths and dolmens. The conical tower, which is a giant monolith without internal spaces and the entrance, also may be related to the structures of the megalithic era. What functions were performed in the stone “thing in itself”?
The wall has carved into granite steps that lead up to a square door that is located on a 105-meter height. The steps are so small that they are very difficult to keep the leg of an ordinary man, and to climb up is the whole ordeal. This ladder would seem absurd if she is not “assisted” very narrow passages in the ruins, similar to those laid in tunnels Cuzco (Latin America). Putting in these mysterious parts of the ensemble, the Zimbabwe researchers note that the doorways in the fortress, too, barely reaching five feet in height, which corresponds to the growth of the pygmies, whose tribes are still in Africa. Finally, as established by archaeologists, exploring, pitted shafts, drifts developments designed for very small people. Tales of dwarfs or pygmies is attributed to them many abilities, which, judging by the work done, had the builders of the citadel.
Historian N. Jones called the complex Zimbabwe a fragment of a vanished civilization, which was capable of moving giant blocks of stone, neatly carved granite blocks, lift them, without using the mechanisms, at different altitudes, finally, to move such loads over significant distances off-road. The absence of any traces of access roads around the fortress surprises most. With regard to the development of stone for construction, they are simply not detected.
Another mystery has presented researchers numismatics. On some Phoenician coins have images of conical towers similar to the one that is located in Zimbabwe. Historians tend to regard this evidence of ancient ties between Nations so remote from each other territories. Similar coins with the “castle” themes were discovered during excavations in North America.
The high skill of the craftsmen they say Zimbabwe found here jewelry made from gold wire, which is not able to make the Negro tribes of Africa.
Riddles, riddles, riddles. To get a little closer to them, you have to use disparate and fragmentary information, bit by bit collected by scientists.
In Spain, near the ancient Basque country, discovered the caves of primitive people, inside with faux finishing. Created these interiors not less than 100 thousand years ago. The halls and the aisles here are so small that “on the shoulder” only children or people-dwarfs.
In the Chronicles of several of the Jesuit monasteries are mentioned a small group of pygmies who lived in the Alps in the XVI—XVII centuries. Burial in mountain villages of Switzerland, have already been examined in the XX century, the age of 9000 years.
Let us also recall the ancient historians Herodotus and Hecate, who wrote about the African tribes of pygmies in 450 BC, Likely Central Africa was associated with Greece’s trade relations, and subject of sale could be the gold mined in the mines of Zimbabwe. I wonder was it really the production of the precious metal is the basis of life of the ancient people?
Megalithic structures on the Islands of the southern seas, on the coasts of the oceans, in Peru and in Africa surrounded by a halo of myths and legends, which still persist among peoples who settled in the territory of Equatorial zone a few centuries ago. And each myth are dwarves are builders. Maybe the fortress complex in the heart of the continent – the most perfect ensemble of this lost civilization? Presumably in Zimbabwe were 100 thousand people; in order not to leave traces, they had to leave their homes and land at the same time. Maybe it killed some kind of large-scale natural disaster.
“Gold” the mystery of this people is not less surprising and so far unexplained, even at the level of hypotheses. Explorers have noted that none of the tribes of the past had no interest in gold. Only pygmies Zimbabwe was mined for someone or for something the metal, delivering it to various places in the coast. Truly morbid thirst for useless in prehistoric times, the mineral from which it is impossible to make weapons or other necessary life items amazing.
Stones Zimbabwe continues to keep many secrets unknown people. Will there ever researchers to solve them? To answer this question. Be that as it may, the twentieth century has preserved in the face of the ancient African fortress one of the most interesting and mysterious stone pages of the history of civilization
The large chickens. Whitsell. The largest breed of chickens whitsell was bred by crossing big rodelinda with other breeds. The most important representative of this breed was the rooster named Wirdo that in January 1973, weighed, reportedly 10 kg.