Living room in Gothic style
Fantastic, irrational, light, expressive and upward forms of the Gothic style to overcome the cumbersome nature of the stone and affect the brightness of colors. Most often, the term “Gothic” applies to creations of medieval architects, but to some extent almost every area of art has undergone its influence.
The history of the Gothic style
At the end of the XII century replaced the Romanesque style came Gothic . prevailed on the territory of almost whole Europe until the end of XV – beginning of XVI century. Born in the middle of the XII century in France, already in the early thirteenth century it included Spain, the Czech Republic, England, Austria and Germany. Later a new stylistic direction and spread on the Italian territory, but has undergone some significant changes, creating the “Italian Gothic”. Eastern Europe has “succumbed” to the Gothic influence later and lasted it longer than in the West.
To the historical tribes of the Goths the Gothic style in art. The name comes from the Italian word gotico translated as “barbarous and unusual”. Based on the achievements of Roman culture, the Gothic direction were crowned with development of srednevekovaya that were considered in the Renaissance barbarian. For the first time this name was used by the Italian Vasari to divide the middle Ages and Renaissance.
The main features of Gothic
Gothic architecture — main features
By and large, the Gothic style was implemented in the architectural decision of the cathedrals, churches, temples and monasteries. Its main feature is the irrepressible desire of the whole structure upwards. The wall ceased to be a element of a structure and visually lighter. Tall and narrow columns and towers, richly decorated facade, arches with pointed tops, arched stained glass Windows – all these elements are emphasized vertical. A mandatory element of the Gothic facade was sculpture. Thousands of figures can inhabit the temple of the Mature Gothic. And for all its independence of Gothic sculpture is just one of the parts of architectural forms, which, together with other elements of the embodied movement of the building upward. A special play of light and shadow that animates architectural forms, contributing to their interaction with air.
A typical attribute of Gothic buildings are large stained glass Windows that seemed to have replaced the walls, occupying nearly all the space between the supports. Color scheme color of Windows is very broad and saturated, making everything bleak and dull in coloring the Cathedral’s interior is filled with color and light. This is a key concept of religious Gothic buildings essentially continuously flowing Divine light as a symbol of wisdom and enlightenment.
Medieval colours of the Gothic style is bleak and cold. Red, blue, green and purple colors, silver and gold threads, stones grey and wishy-washy ochre natural wood gave the room a Gothic mysterious and rather gloomy appearance.
Gothic style in the interior
The interior is in the Gothic style
Interior design in the Gothic style is characterized by lightness, expressiveness, focus and commitment up. The interior of such rooms is different elegance and grandeur. In the middle ages when the walls were wood panelling of oak, alder, walnut, spruce, pine, juniper, larch and cedar European, and stone walls were stained with paints.
The interior is in the Gothic style is pointed arches, “rose” Windows, lace and openwork carving wooden ornaments, ceiling with exposed rafters or beam construction. One of the striking features of the Gothic style are pointed arches of stained glass. The walls serve only as a frame, the frame for the Windows. Ornamental areas of stained glass are filled with red and blue flowers, and in story zones is dominated by all shades of white, yellow, purple and green.
Furniture in the Gothic style, heavy, simple and clumsy. For styling the interior in the Gothic style it is often placed along the walls. Historically, almost all Gothic furniture was directly related to the Church. Various Church vessels of ivory, wood and silver represented the churches in miniature and decorative elements. This cabinets, trunks coffer, served as benches, bookcases and screens, storage cupboards, covered with paintings, and chairs with canopy on the catwalks with twisted columns at the angles.